Yashil Baghban Sahand

Agricultural science is a broad multidisciplinary field of biology that encompasses the parts of exact, natural, economic and social sciences that are used in the practice and understanding of agriculture. (Veterinary science, but not animal science, is often excluded from the definition.)

Agriculture in Iran

Roughly one-third of Iran's total surface area is suited for farmland, but because of poor soil and lack of adequate water distribution in many areas, most of it is not under cultivation. Only 12% of the total land area is under cultivation (arable land, orchards and vineyards) but less than one-third of the cultivated area is irrigated; the rest is devoted to dry farming. Some 92 percent of agro products depend on water.[1] The western and northwestern portions of the country have the most fertile soils. Iran's food security index stands at around 96 percent.[2]

35% of the total land area is used for grazing and small fodder production. Most of the grazing is done on mostly semi-dry rangeland in mountain areas and on areas surrounding the large deserts ("Dasht's") of Central Iran.

The non-agricultural surface represents 53% of the total area of Iran, as follows:

·         Abb. 39% of the country is covered by deserts, salt flats ("kavirs") and bare-rock mountains, not suited for agricultural purposes.

·         An additional 7% of Iran's total surface is covered by woodlands.

·         And 7% is covered by cities, towns, villages, industrial areas and roads.

At the end of the 20th century, agricultural activities accounted for about one-fifth of Iran's gross domestic product (GDP) and employed a comparable proportion of the workforce. Mostfarms are small, less than 25 acres (10 hectares), and are not economically viable, which has contributed to the wide-scale migration to cities. In addition to water scarcity and areas of poor soil, seed is of low quality and farming techniques are antiquated.

All these factors have contributed to low crop yields and poverty in rural areas. Further, after the 1979 revolution many agricultural workers claimed ownership rights and forcibly occupied large, privately owned farms where they had been employed. The legal disputes that arose from this situation remained unresolved through the 1980s, and many owners put off making large capital investments that would have improved farm productivity, further deteriorating production. Progressive government efforts and incentives during the 1990s, however, improved agricultural productivity marginally, helping Iran toward its goal of reestablishing national self-sufficiency in food production

Iranian government policy aims to reach self-sufficiency in food production and by 2007, Iran had attained 96 percent self-sufficiency in essential agricultural products.[1] But wastage in storing, processing, marketing and consumption of food products remained a concern (30% of production according to some sources).


The following is the Iranian out-put listed according to the largest global producer rankings in 2007


World Ranking



PistachioBerberis (Zereshk)CaviarSaffronStone fruitsBerries




WatermelonsCherriesCantaloupes & other melonsApplesFigsGherkins


Sheep Stocks (Flocks)Fresh FruitsQuincesWoolAlmondsWalnuts


Anise, Badian, Fennel, Corian, ChickpeasSilk worm cocoons


HazelnutBuffalo milkTomatoes


GrapesOnionsSour cherriesSheep milkKiwifruit


SpicesPeachNectarinesTangerineMandarin orangeClementinesLemons & LimesOrangesGoat milkPumpkinsSquash & Gourds






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اخبار دریاچه ارومیه

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Authored by: سیروس تاپدوقی
Last modified: Sunday 14 December 2014 - 12:09 AM
Published date/time: Sunday 14 December 2014 - 12:00 AM

کاشت سه میلیون اصله نهال در پنج هزار هکتار از اراضی حاشیه دریاچه ارومیه

کاشت سه میلیون اصله نهال در پنج هزار هکتار از اراضی حاشیه دریاچه ارومیه

به گزارش خبرنگار خبرگزاری کشاورزی ایران(ایانا) از آذربایجان غربی، خداکرم جلالی در جریان بازدید از طرح شناسایی و مهار ریزگردهای حاشیه دریاچه ارومیه و شرکت کشت بافت رویان پژوهش در ارومیه اظهارکرد: کانون های ریزگرد، گرد و غبار اطراف دریاچه ارومیه که دارای ترکیبات نمکی هستند با کاشت این میزان اصله نهال مقاوم و سازگار به شوری مهار می شوند.

جلالی، ظرفیت و توان علمی مراکز تحقیقاتی و شرکت های دانش بنیان بومی بخش خصوصی استان و مشارکت آنها را در جهت استفاده از تکنولوژی‌های نوین در روند احیای دریاچه ارومیه در حوزه منابع طبیعی را مطلوب و شایسه تقدیر عنوان کرد.

وی تصریح کرد: این تعداد نهال ها باهمکاری شرکت های دانش بنیان بخش خصوصی و مشارکت مرکز تحقیقات کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی استان تولید ودر اراضی اطراف دریاچه ارومیه کشت می شود.

علی پیرمرادی ،مدیر کل منابع طبیعی و آبخیزداری آذربایجان غربی نیز در این بازدید از شناسایی36 هزار نقطه بحران در استان جهت کنترل و مهار ریزگردها در استان خبرداد و گفت : کوپه کاری، کنترل چرای بی رویه دام، کشت گیاهان مرتعی از جمله اهم برنامه ها و اولویت های این اداره کل در 51 درصد از اراضی اطراف دریاچه ارومیه است./



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