Yashil Baghban Sahand

Agricultural science is a broad multidisciplinary field of biology that encompasses the parts of exact, natural, economic and social sciences that are used in the practice and understanding of agriculture. (Veterinary science, but not animal science, is often excluded from the definition.)

Agriculture in Iran

Roughly one-third of Iran's total surface area is suited for farmland, but because of poor soil and lack of adequate water distribution in many areas, most of it is not under cultivation. Only 12% of the total land area is under cultivation (arable land, orchards and vineyards) but less than one-third of the cultivated area is irrigated; the rest is devoted to dry farming. Some 92 percent of agro products depend on water.[1] The western and northwestern portions of the country have the most fertile soils. Iran's food security index stands at around 96 percent.[2]

35% of the total land area is used for grazing and small fodder production. Most of the grazing is done on mostly semi-dry rangeland in mountain areas and on areas surrounding the large deserts ("Dasht's") of Central Iran.

The non-agricultural surface represents 53% of the total area of Iran, as follows:

·         Abb. 39% of the country is covered by deserts, salt flats ("kavirs") and bare-rock mountains, not suited for agricultural purposes.

·         An additional 7% of Iran's total surface is covered by woodlands.

·         And 7% is covered by cities, towns, villages, industrial areas and roads.

At the end of the 20th century, agricultural activities accounted for about one-fifth of Iran's gross domestic product (GDP) and employed a comparable proportion of the workforce. Mostfarms are small, less than 25 acres (10 hectares), and are not economically viable, which has contributed to the wide-scale migration to cities. In addition to water scarcity and areas of poor soil, seed is of low quality and farming techniques are antiquated.

All these factors have contributed to low crop yields and poverty in rural areas. Further, after the 1979 revolution many agricultural workers claimed ownership rights and forcibly occupied large, privately owned farms where they had been employed. The legal disputes that arose from this situation remained unresolved through the 1980s, and many owners put off making large capital investments that would have improved farm productivity, further deteriorating production. Progressive government efforts and incentives during the 1990s, however, improved agricultural productivity marginally, helping Iran toward its goal of reestablishing national self-sufficiency in food production

Iranian government policy aims to reach self-sufficiency in food production and by 2007, Iran had attained 96 percent self-sufficiency in essential agricultural products.[1] But wastage in storing, processing, marketing and consumption of food products remained a concern (30% of production according to some sources).

 

The following is the Iranian out-put listed according to the largest global producer rankings in 2007

 

World Ranking

Commodity;

1st

PistachioBerberis (Zereshk)CaviarSaffronStone fruitsBerries

2nd

DatesApricots

3rd

WatermelonsCherriesCantaloupes & other melonsApplesFigsGherkins

4th

Sheep Stocks (Flocks)Fresh FruitsQuincesWoolAlmondsWalnuts

5th

Anise, Badian, Fennel, Corian, ChickpeasSilk worm cocoons

6th

HazelnutBuffalo milkTomatoes

7th

GrapesOnionsSour cherriesSheep milkKiwifruit

8th

SpicesPeachNectarinesTangerineMandarin orangeClementinesLemons & LimesOrangesGoat milkPumpkinsSquash & Gourds

9th

Lentils

 

 

 

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لیموترش؛ میوه‌ای که شیمی‌ درمانی می‌کند


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Authored by: سیروس تاپدوقی
Last modified: Saturday 22 August 2015 - 11:03 PM
Published date/time: Saturday 22 August 2015 - 11:03 PM

لیموترش؛ میوه‌ای که شیمی‌ درمانی می‌کند

ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻟﯽ ﻣﻌﺠﺰﻩ‌ﮔﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺎﺑﻮﺩﯼ ﺳﻠﻮﻝ‌ﻫﺎﯼ ﺳﺮﻃﺎﻧﯽ که ۱۰,۰۰۰ ﺑﺎﺭ ﻗﻮﯾﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺷﯿﻤﯽ ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻧﯽ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﯽ‌ﮐﻨﺪ.ﺑﺴﯿﺎﺭﯼ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺛﺮ ﺳﺮﻃﺎﻥ ﻣﯽ ﻣﯿﺮﻧﺪ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻟﯿﮑﻪ ﺍﯾﻦ ﺭﺍﺯ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺣﻔﻆ ﻣﯽ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ ﺷﺮﮐﺖ ﻫﺎﯼ ﺩﺍﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﯼ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻄﺮﻧﯿﺎﻓﺘﺪ

ﭼﺮﺍ ﻣﺎ ﭼﯿﺰﯼ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ فواید لیموترش ﻧﻤﯽ ﺩﺍﻧﯿﻢ؟ ﺯﯾﺮﺍ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﯾﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻦ ﺗﺮﮐﯿﺒﺎﺕ ﺁﻥ ﺳﻮﺩ ﺑﺴﯿﺎﺭ ﺯﯾﺎﺩﯼ ﮐﺴﺐ ﻣﯽ ﮐﻨﻨﺪ

ﺍﯾﻨﮏ ﺷﻤﺎ ﻣﯽ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﯿﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﺳﺖ ﻧﯿﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﮐﻤﮏ ﮐﻨﯿﺪ ، ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﯾﻖ ﺍﯾﻨﮑﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻭ ﺑﮕﻮﺋﯿﺪ ﮐﻪﺁﺏ ﻟﯿﻤﻮ ﺗﺮﺵ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﯿﺮﯼ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺮﻃﺎﻥ ﺳﻮﺩﻣﻨﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ.ﻃﻌﻢ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺴﯿﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺷﺎﯾﻨﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻋﻮﺍﺭﺽ ﺟﺎﻧﺒﯽ ﺷﯿﻤﯽ ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻧﯽ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ.ﺍﮔﺮ میﺗﻮﺍﻧﯿﺪ ﯾﮏ ﺩﺭﺧﺖ ﻟﯿﻤﻮ ﺩﺭ ﺣﯿﺎﻁ ﯾﺎ ﭘﺎﺳﯿﻮﯼ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﮑﺎﺭﯾﺪ .

ﻟﯿﻤﻮ ﺗﺮﺵ ﺭﺍ ﻣﯽ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻫﺎﯼ ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﻧﻤﻮﺩ. ﻗﺴﻤﺖ ﮔﻮﺷﺘﯽﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺧﻮﺭﺩ ﯾﺎ ﺁﺏ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﻧﻤﻮﺩ ، ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺷﺮﺑﺖ ﻭ ﯾﺎ ﺻﻮﺭت ﺩﯾﮕﺮ

ﺟﺎﻟﺐ ﺗﺮﯾﻦ ﺧﺎﺻﯿﺖ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺛﺮﺵ ﺑﺮﺭﻭﯼ ﮐﯿﺴﺖ ﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻣﻮﺭﻫﺎﺳﺖ . ﺛﺎﺑﺖ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖﮐﻪ ﺍﯾﻦ ﮔﯿﺎﻩ ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﮔﺮ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺳﺮﻃﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﻫﻤﺠﻨﯿﻦ ﺑﻌﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﯾﮏ ﺿﺪ ﻗﺎﺭﭺﻭ ﻋﻔﻮﻧﺖ ﻫﺎ ﻭ ﮐﺮﻡ ﻫﺎ ﻣﺤﺴﻮﺏ ﻣﯽ ﺷﻮﺩ . ﻓﺸﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﻥ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻨﻈﯿﻢ ﻣﯽ ﮐﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺿﺪ ﺍﻓﺴﺮﺩﮔﯽ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺱ ﻭ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻻﺕ ﻋﺼﺒﯽ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﻩ ﻣﯽ ﮐﻨد

یک ﮐﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﺰﺭﮒ ﺩﺍﺭﻭﯾﯽ ﻓﺎﺵ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﯾﺸﺎﺕ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﯾﺸﮕﺎﻫﯽ ﮐﻪﺍﺯﺳﺎﻝ ۱۹۷۰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﯽ ﺩﻫﺪ ﮐﻪ ﻟﯿﻤﻮ ﺗﺮﺵ ﺳﻠﻮﻝ ﻫﺎﯼ ﺳﺮﻃﺎﻧﯽ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ۱۲ ﻧﻮﻉ ﺳﺮﻃﺎﻥ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺳﺮﻃﺎﻥ ﺭﻭﺩﻩ ، ﺳﯿﻨﻪ ، ﭘﺮﻭﺳﺘﺎﺕ ، ﺭﯾﻪ ﻭ ﭘﺎﻧﮑﺮﺍﺱ ﻧﺎﺑﻮﺩ ﻣﯽ ﮐﻨﺪ


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